Nigeria brag of the biggest populace in Africa, with the population anticipated to hit 206 million by 2020, and 264 million by 2030 – crossing the 300 million limit around 2036. The present populace of Nigeria is 205,359,964, in light of projections of the most recent United Nations data.
The West African nation was apparently one of the best with bunches of possibilities numerous years back. However, issues like corruption and infrastructural rot have as of late held the nation down from assuming an influential position in Africa.
According to several studies by economists, visionary initiative is inadequate in Nigeria while public institutions are feeble, maladroit and traded off. It is exceptionally unsettling to see the once indisputed country experiencing consumption of value and execution in the public service.
Nigeria was once doing well until, the issue of Boko Haram and Islamic State, combined with kidnappings came up, and made security issues worse off. In fact, Nigeria was doing everything right, then abruptly, there was a ‘pause’.
After Nigeria’s freedom in 1960, the country took upon itself the role of joining Africa against western recolonisation. This cleared path for the whole continent to be the focal point of its international strategy, consequently prompted the forming of the Organization of African Unity – presently the African Union – in 1963 and Economic Community of West African States in 1975.
Most leaders of Nigeria who came into power made it a point to be a visionary as the vast majority of them were products of good dreams and, now and again, impulses of the founding fathers. In fact, they were nevertheless premised on real national capacity.
Nigeria is not only a country without any resources – it is wealthy in oil and this has empowered Nigeria economically. Nigeria could have been perhaps one of the richest countries in the world despite it’s huge populace, if things were appropriately set up. Some time back, the bounty of the oil alone made conceivable an unrivaled post-war recuperation. So you can envision how the country would’ve been, if the country had not stopped from progressing.
Nigeria worked with other countries in the West African sub-district to set up the Economic Community of West African States in 1975. It proceeded to push for the avoidance and goals of wrecking clashes that immersed Liberia in 1992. The contention overflowed into Sierra Leone and other countries in the region. Nigeria led the discontinuance of threats and made the truce checking gathering to carry a complete end to the common struggle and reestablish vote based system in the two countries.
Nigeria helped in the Democratic governance that were reestablished to Guinea-Bissau, Cote d’Ivoire and Sao Tome et Principe, after military take-overs in those countries.
It spent more than US$10 billion in these harmony battles and furthermore lost soldiers all the while. The country also assumed exceptionally indispensable roles in battling politically-sanctioned racial segregation in Southern Africa and supporting freedom developments on the landmass.
So What Happened To Nigeria?
Corruption, misappropriation of public funds, electoral malpractices, insurgency and terrorism have crushed its ability and debilitated its ethical courage to lead the continent.
Indeed, even with all the tremendous riches, poverty has taken over Nigeria. Nigeria has now been decreased to a level surprising to many. Nigerians have been denied of numerous treats, and has placed the residents in a powerless and traded off position where the urgency for endurance makes them sell their votes.
Today, Ghana, South Africa and some other countries have outperformed Nigeria as far as economic steadiness and global legislative issues is concerned. Nigeria has been consigned to the foundation of global undertakings.
What Can Nigeria Do To Avert All These?
Political structures and organizations must be improved to reflect conditions reasonable for supportable turn of events. Without considerable structures, the economy will stay frail and delicate.
There is additionally a need to engage individuals to activate their local resources and to utilize them for development. And obviously, public funds ought not be put in the hands of some few people, who might be enticed to take them. An accountable system is what is needed to pave way for auditing and checks.
Oil wealth has been the country’s major ‘engine’ (a wellspring of national income), hence records ought to be rendered to the citizens where all these cash have been used for. It’s time Nigeria would need to diversify the economy.